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Sterility Testing Market – By Product (Kits & Reagents, Services), Test [Membrane Filtration, Direct Inoculation, Rapid Microbial [ATP Bioluminescence, Fluorescent-based]), Type (In-house, Outsourced), Application, End-user, Global Forecast (2024 – 2032)

  • Report ID: GMI4077
  • Published Date: Apr 2024
  • Report Format: PDF

Sterility Testing Market Size

Sterility Testing Market size was valued at USD 1.2 billion in 2023 and is predicted to exhibit growth at a CAGR of 10.6% from 2024 – 2032 period. High market growth can be attributed to the increasing focus on ensuring the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical products. Stringent regulations and guidelines mandating sterility testing for product release are fueling market growth.

Sterility Testing Market

Additionally, the rising prevalence of chronic and infectious diseases is boosting the demand for sterile medical devices and pharmaceuticals, further driving the need for sterility testing. Further, the expanding biopharmaceutical industry, with a growing number of biologics and biosimilars in development, is also contributing to market expansion. Moreover, technological advancements such as rapid sterility testing methods and automated systems are enhancing testing efficiency and accuracy, thereby stimulating market growth.

Sterility testing is a crucial procedure conducted in industries such as pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, medical devices, and healthcare to determine the absence of viable microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses) in products or materials intended for medical use or patient contact. The primary objective of sterility testing is to ensure that pharmaceutical products, biologics, medical devices, and related materials are free from microbial contamination that could pose a risk to patient safety or compromise product quality.


Sterility Testing Market Trends

  • Increasing outsourcing of sterility testing services is driving the market growth. The complexity and resource-intensive nature of sterility testing, coupled with the need for specialized expertise and facilities, are driving many pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies to outsource their testing needs to specialized contract research organizations (CROs), contract manufacturing organizations (CMOs), and contract testing laboratories.
  • Outsourcing allows companies to access state-of-the-art facilities, expertise, and testing capabilities while reducing operational costs, accelerating testing timelines, and maintaining flexibility in resource allocation.
  • Furthermore, the demand for faster, more sensitive, and efficient microbial testing solutions is driving the adoption of Rapid Microbial Methods (RMM) in sterility testing. RMMs offer advantages such as reduced time-to-result, enhanced sensitivity, and automation capabilities compared to traditional culture-based methods.

Sterility Testing Market Analysis

Sterility Testing Market, By Product, 2021 – 2032 (USD Billion)

Based on product, the market is segmented into kits & reagents, services, and instruments. The kits & reagents segment accounted for majority of market share of 55.6% in 2023 and is expected to witness growth at 10.5% CAGR from 2024- 2032.

  • Kits and reagents play a crucial role in ensuring the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical products by detecting the presence of microbial contaminants.
  • Factors such as the growing emphasis on quality control in drug manufacturing, stringent regulatory guidelines, and the rising number of pharmaceutical and biotech companies are contributing to the segment's growth.
  • Additionally, the development of advanced testing solutions with improved sensitivity and specificity is further fueling the adoption of kits and reagents in sterility testing, thus maintaining the segment's high market share.

Sterility Testing Market, By Test (2023)

Based on test, the sterility testing market is classified into membrane filtration, direct inoculation, rapid microbial method, and other tests. The rapid microbial method segment is further classified into ATP bioluminescence, fluorescent -based, solid-phase cytometry, and other rapid microbial methods. The membrane filtration segment dominated the market and is anticipated to reach USD 1.3 billion by end of forecast timeframe.

  • The membrane filtration segment stands out as a dominant segment in the market due to its versatility, high sensitivity, and ease of use. Its scalability, cost-effectiveness, and compatibility with Rapid Microbial Methods (RMM) further solidify its position as a preferred choice for sterility testing across industries including pharmaceutical, biotechnology among others.
  • With widespread regulatory acceptance and established validation, membrane filtration systems provide confidence to companies seeking efficient and reliable solutions for compliance with regulatory requirements and quality assurance standards, thereby supplementing the growth of this segment.

Based on type, the sterility testing market is categorized into in-house and outsourced. The in-house segment dominated the market and projected to grow at CAGR of 10.4% over the forecast timeline.

  • In-house testing facilities provide companies with complete control over testing processes, protocols, and resources. This enables them to customize testing methods according to specific product requirements, sample types, and regulatory standards.
  • Additionally, in-house testing provides faster turnaround times, cost-efficiency for high-volume testing, and seamless integration with research and development activities, enhancing innovation and regulatory compliance. Owing to these advantages the in-house segment is expected to experience lucrative growth.

Based on application, the sterility testing market is divided into pharmaceutical and biological manufacturing, medical devices manufacturing, and other applications. The pharmaceutical and biological manufacturing segment dominated the market and was valued at USD 741.3 million in 2023.

  • The growth can be attributed to increasing regulatory intervention owing to the growing importance of sterility testing procedures in the process of pharmaceutical manufacturing.
  • Regulatory agencies have implemented stringent protocols to ensure compliance with sterility testing procedures, emphasizing the importance of product safety and quality. These scientifically robust and product-specific regulations harmonize testing methods, reducing the introduction of unnecessary risks, thereby augmenting the demand for sterility testing in this segment.

Based on end-user, the sterility testing market is categorized into pharmaceutical & biotechnology companies, medical device companies, CROs and contract testing laboratories, and other end-users. The pharmaceutical & biotechnology companies segment is anticipated to grow at 10.7% to reach USD 1.5 billion by 2032.

  • The rising demand for biopharmaceuticals, driven by advancements in biotechnology and the prevalence of chronic diseases, underscores the importance of sterility testing in ensuring the safety and efficacy of these complex therapeutic products.
  • Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies prioritize sterility testing to meet the growing demand for biopharmaceuticals while adhering to regulatory requirements, solidifying their dominance in the market.

North America Sterility Testing Market, 2021 – 2032 (USD Million)

North America sterility testing market was valued at USD 529.5 million in 2023 and is anticipated to grow at CAGR of 10.4% between 2024 – 2032 period.

  • The region benefits from stringent regulatory standards, advanced healthcare infrastructure, and a strong presence of pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies prioritizing quality control and compliance.
  • Additionally, North America leads in technological advancements and innovation, supported by a conducive regulatory environment, driving demand for sterility testing products and services.

Sterility Testing Market Share

The sterility testing industry is characterized by intense competition among key players striving to innovate and expand their market presence. Major companies such as Charles River Laboratories International Inc., Merck KGaA, and Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. dominate the market through their extensive product portfolios, global reach, and robust service offerings. These industry leaders focus on strategic initiatives such as mergers and acquisitions, partnerships, and collaborations to strengthen their market position and expand their geographical footprint.

Sterility Testing Market Companies

Prominent players operating in the sterility testing industry include:

  • bioMerieux SA
  • Charles River Laboratories International Inc.
  • Merck KGaA
  • Nelson Laboratories, LLC
  • Pacific Biolabs
  • Rapid Micro Biosystems Inc.
  • Sartorius AG
  • SGS SA
  • Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.
  • WuXi AppTec

Sterility Testing Industry News:

  • In April 2023, STEMart launched bioburden and sterility testing services for medical devices under the guidance of the ISO 11731 method. This strategic launch has helped them to improve their product portfolio and increase their customer base.
  • In October 2019, Alcami Corporation launched a new rapid sterility testing services to deliver significantly faster testing results to clients. They invested in Milliflex Rapid System for the rapid sterility test, which uses adenosine triphosphate (ATP) bioluminescence for detection of microorganism. This strategic initiative helped the company to enhance their offerings and generate revenue.

The sterility testing market research report includes an in-depth coverage of the industry with estimates & forecast in terms of revenue in USD Million from 2021 - 2032 for the following segments:

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Market, By Product

  • Kits & reagents
  • Services
  • Instruments

Market, By Test

  • Membrane filtration 
  • Direct inoculation    
  • Rapid microbial method     
    • ATP bioluminescence
    • Fluorescent -based
    • Solid-phase cytometry
    • Other rapid microbial methods
  • Other tests

Market, By Type

  • In-house
  • Outsourced

Market, By Application

  • Pharmaceutical and biological manufacturing
  • Medical devices manufacturing
  • Other applications

Market, By End-user

  • Pharmaceutical & biotechnology companies
  • Medical device companies
  • CROs and contract testing laboratories
  • Other end-users

The above information is provided for the following regions and countries:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Spain
    • Italy
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • Australia
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa
    • South Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • Rest of Middle East and Africa


Authors: Mariam Faizullabhoy , Gauri Wani

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

The global sterility testing market was valued at USD 1.2 billion in 2023 and is predicted to exhibit 10.6% CAGR from 2024 – 2032, attributed to the increasing focus on ensuring the safety and efficacy of pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical products.

The kits & reagents segment accounted for 55.6% of the market share in 2023 and is expected to witness 10.5% CAGR from 2024- 2032, owing to the growing emphasis on quality control in drug manufacturing, and the rising number of pharmaceutical and biotech companies.

North America sterility testing market size was valued at USD 529.5 million in 2023 and is anticipated to grow at 10.4% CAGR between 2024 and 2032, driven by technological advancements and innovation, supported by a conducive regulatory environment.

bioMerieux SA, Charles River Laboratories International Inc., Merck KGaA, Nelson Laboratories, LLC, Pacific Biolabs, Rapid Micro Biosystems Inc., Sartorius AG, SGS SA and Thermo Fisher Scientific.

Sterility Testing Market Scope

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Premium Report Details

  • Base Year: 2023
  • Countries covered: 19
  • Pages: 202
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