Home > Megatrends > Metals & Minerals
Metals are thermally & electrically conductive solids that are also ductile, malleable, and reflective with low reactivity. A majority of metals occur in mineral-laden ores and over two-thirds of chemical elements are metals. Minerals are inorganic solids possessing a defined chemical structure and precise atomic arrangement. Metals can be broadly classified as ferrous and non-ferrous metals. They can be alloyed with other metals and non-metals to enhance the physical properties of the base metal for various applications. Minerals typically occur as silicates, carbonates, halides, oxides, phosphates, sulfates, sulfides, and native elements. Metals and minerals are commonly used in the automotive, aircraft & aerospace, infrastructure, building & construction, HVAC, agriculture, jewelry, appliances, heavy machinery, equipment, tools, hospitals, shipbuilding, railways, power generation, and chemical downstream sectors.
The key trends influencing metals and minerals are component & equipment lightweighting, streamlining refining processes, automation, decarbonization, particulate matter & pollution reduction, energy utilization efficiency, safety standards & equipment needs, logistical streamlining, price benchmarking, sustainable manufacturing, and recycling.
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