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Terminal Tractor Market Size - By Drive Type (Diesel-powered, Electric-powered, Hybrid-powered, Alternative Fuel-powered), Industry (Port Terminals, Distribution Centers, Warehousing, Manufacturing), Tonnage & Global Forecast, 2023 - 2032

  • Report ID: GMI7398
  • Published Date: Nov 2023
  • Report Format: PDF

Terminal Tractor Market Size

Terminal Tractor Market size was valued at USD 1.1 billion in 2022 and is estimated to register a CAGR of over 8% between 2023 and 2032. Companies are allocating funds to acquire advanced terminal tractors equipped with cutting-edge technologies and eco-friendly engines. For instance, in June 2023, APM Terminals Valencia added 11 new Terberg YT223 terminal tractors to enhance container handling operations, as part of its investment plan totaling USD 3.9 million for the facility. These tractors are fitted with Cummins Stage 5 engines, ensuring compliance with the latest EU emission standards. The market is expanding, catering to the rising demands from modern logistics & transportation industries.


Terminal Tractor Market

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The emphasis on increased driver safety and comfort is proliferating the terminal tractor market growth. Manufacturers are integrating advanced safety features, such as collision avoidance systems and enhanced visibility aids, ensuring a secure working environment. Ergonomic cabin designs, air-conditioning, and improved seating contribute to the comfort of operators. These enhancements improve driver well-being, boost productivity, reduce accidents, and attract more buyers, propelling the market.

High initial costs associated with terminal tractors present a significant challenge for potential buyers. The advanced technologies and engineering required for efficient cargo handling often result in substantial purchase expenses, especially for businesses with limited financial resources. This financial barrier can deter smaller companies or those operating on tight budgets from investing in modern terminal tractors. Overcoming this barrier may require innovative financing options or incentives to make these essential vehicles more accessible to a broader range of businesses.

COVID-19 Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic significantly impacted the terminal tractor market. Port closures, supply chain disruptions, and country-wide lockdowns led to a sharp decline in global trade activities. Consequently, many projects involving the purchase and deployment of terminal tractors were delayed or canceled due to economic uncertainties. The reduced demand for goods and logistical slowdowns negatively affected the market, resulting in financial challenges for manufacturers and limiting the growth opportunities for terminal tractor businesses worldwide.

Terminal Tractor Market Trends

Electric-powered terminal trucks are gaining traction in the market by addressing environmental concerns and enhancing operational efficiency. Their eco-friendly nature aligns with sustainable practices, appealing to businesses aiming to reduce their carbon footprint. For instance, in May 2023, Capacity Trucks introduced its latest electric terminal truck, powered by a zero-emission lithium-ion battery. This addition to Capacity's eco-friendly product line is specifically designed for port and warehouse operations. The truck features a Hyster-Yale electric powertrain and offers battery options of 130 kWh and 260 kWh, catering to diverse operational needs in environmentally conscious sectors.

The terminal truck market is experiencing growth due to enhanced maneuverability resulting from shorter wheelbases. These compact designs allow terminal trucks to navigate confined spaces with ease, improving efficiency in busy logistics hubs and ports. Shorter wheelbases enhance agility, enabling quicker turns and precise movements, which are essential for seamless cargo handling operations. As businesses prioritize operational effectiveness, the demand for terminal trucks with improved maneuverability continues to rise, propelling the market.

Terminal Tractor Market Analysis

 Terminal Tractor Market Revenue, By Drive Type, 2021 – 2032, (USD Billion)

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Based on drive type, the diesel-powered segment generated over 39% of the market share in 2022, due to high torque output at low RPMs, making them well-suited for heavy-duty towing and hauling, a critical requirement in terminal operations. Moreover, diesel engines tend to exhibit superior fuel efficiency, particularly at high loads and constant speeds, offering an advantage in scenarios where optimizing fuel consumption is essential. The robust and durable nature of diesel engines contributes to their popularity, ensuring longevity and cost-effectiveness for businesses. The established global infrastructure for diesel fuel also plays a role, providing convenience and practicality for operations that span diverse geographic areas.

Terminal Tractor Market Revenue Share, By Industry, 2022

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Based on the industry, the terminal tractor market from port terminals segment dominated around USD 1.9 million revenue in 2022. The adoption of alternative fuel-powered terminal tractors in ports is fostering segment growth. These eco-friendly solutions, such as hydrogen or electric-powered tractors, reduce emissions, aligning with environmental regulations. For instance, in April 2023, the Port of Valencia introduced a hydrogen-powered terminal tractor for testing. This pilot vehicle features a hybrid powertrain combining fuel cells and batteries, enabling it to handle demanding tasks efficiently within the port premises. The overall configuration of the tractor ensures uninterrupted operation for a minimum of six hours before requiring refueling.

 North America Terminal Tractor Market Revenue, 2021 – 2032, (USD Million)

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North America terminal tractor market accounted for 35% of revenue share in 2022. With the increasing environmental awareness, businesses are embracing eco-friendly practices. This shift has led to the extensive adoption of electric and alternative fuel-powered terminal tractors, reducing emissions and aligning with stringent regulations. Companies are investing in sustainable solutions to minimize their carbon footprint, spurring the market for cleaner energy sources. This emphasis on environmental consciousness will propel the market revenue in North America.

Terminal Tractor Market Share

Major companies operating in the terminal tractor industry are:

  • Capacity Trucks
  • Kalmar
  • MAFI Transport - Systeme GmbH
  • Molcy
  • Sany Group
  • Terberg Special Vehicles
  • TICO Tractors

Kalmar as a key player holds the largest market share, by offering a comprehensive range of terminal tractor models designed to meet diverse customer needs. The company's reputation for innovation and a product range that incorporates advanced features likely contributes to its success. Kalmar's global presence is another critical aspect, allowing it to serve a broad customer base and tailor its offerings to meet regional requirements effectively.

Terminal Tractor Industry News

  • In November 2022, Terberg Tractors Malaysia (TTM), a collaboration between Sime Darby Industrial and the Royal Terberg Group BV, introduced Malaysia's inaugural fully battery-powered electric terminal tractor, YT200EV. TTM is planning to increase its production capacity in Malaysia, doubling the number of terminal tractors from 600 units to meet the rising demand from existing and new customers in emerging market segments over the next three years.

The terminal tractor market research report includes in-depth coverage of the industry with estimates & forecast in terms of revenue (USD Million) and shipment (Units) from 2018 to 2032, for the following segments:

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Market, By Drive Type

  • Diesel-powered
  • Electric-powered
  • Hybrid-powered
  • Alternative Fuel-powered

Market, By Tonnage

  • Less than 30 tons
  • 30 to 50 tons
  • Over 50 tons

Market, By Industry

  • Port terminals
  • Distribution centers
  • Warehousing
  • Manufacturing
  • Others

The above information has been provided for the following regions and countries:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • UK
    • Germany
    • France
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Russia
    • Nordics
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Australia
    • Southeast Asia 
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Argentina
  • MEA
    • UAE
    • South Africa
    • Saudi Arabia


Authors: Preeti Wadhwani

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

The market size of terminal tractor reached USD 1.1 billion in 2022 and is set to witness 8% CAGR from 2023 to 2032, due to the rising number of companies allocating funds to acquire advanced tractors equipped with cutting-edge technologies and eco-friendly engines worldwide.

The diesel-powered segment held over 39% of the market share in 2022, owing to high torque output at low RPMs, in heavy-duty towing and hauling.

North America accounted for 35% of the market share in 2022, attributed to the increasing environmental awareness leading to businesses embracing eco-friendly practices in the region.

Capacity Trucks, Kalmar, MAFI Transport - Systeme GmbH, Molcy, Sany Group, Terberg Special Vehicles, and TICO Tractors are some of the major terminal tractor companies worldwide.

Terminal Tractor Market Scope

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Premium Report Details

  • Base Year: 2022
  • Companies covered: 9
  • Tables & Figures: 265
  • Countries covered: 20
  • Pages: 250
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