Trichlorosilane Market Size By Production Process (Hydrochlorination, Direct Chlorination), By Application (Silane Coupling Agent, Polycrystalline Silicon), Industry Outlook Report, Regional Analysis, Application Potential, Price Trends, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2019 – 2025

Published Date: Oct 2019  |  Report ID: GMI4398  |  Authors: Kunal Ahuja, Shreya Deb

Report Format: PDF   |   Pages: 130   |   Base Year: 2018




Summary Table of Contents Industry Coverage Methodology

Polycrystalline silicon usage in solar photovoltaic and electronics industry to drive trichlorosilane demand

Trichlorosilane (TCS) Market size valued at USD 6 billion in 2018 and is estimated to grow at 7% CAGR between 2019 to 2025.
 

Trichlorosilane (TCS) Market

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Trichlorosilane is commercially manufactured by reacting a ferrosilicon bed with hydrogen chloride at an elevated temperature. A fine pulverized metallurgical-grade silicon (MG-Si), which is over 98% silicon, is fluidized with hydrogen chloride in the presence of a copper containing catalyst to produce a TCS.
 

Trichlorosilane market growth is attributed to the development of semiconductor and electronics industry across the globe. It is used as a silicon precursor for epitaxial silicon containing thin films employed for the preparation of silicon wafers. High purity TCS is widely employed in semiconductor silicon production also known as polycrystalline silicon or polysilicon. It is used for the deposition of epitaxial silicon layers on silicon wafers in the semiconductor production.
 

The electronic grade polysilicon of purity 99.999999999% is required for silicon semiconductor devices demanding higher product volume. Over 98% of semiconductor grade polysilicon is produced by the TCS distillation and reduction method and the industry growth is attributed to strong demand for polycrystalline silicon from solar cell manufacturers and electronics industry.
 

Shift in consumer preferences towards clean & renewable energy due to environmental impact of the continued use of fossil fuels is the major factor shaping solar industry dynamics. In addition, a combination of global governmental incentives is expected to drive increased demand for solar energy related components and equipment, including solar grade silicon.
 

In the U.S., the federal and various state governments have initiated incentive programs to financially encourage electricity production from solar energy. Federal incentive programs such as solar investment tax credit (ITC), net energy metering (NEM), solar renewable energy credits, solar tax exemption and cash rebates have encouraged homeowners while making solar energy more affordable in the U.S.
 

Solar energy is growing at an unpredictable rate with more than 10.6 GW of solar photovoltaic capacity installed till 2018 in the U.S. The residential and commercial solar ITC has helped the U.S. solar industry to grow with an average annual growth of 52% over the last decade indicating positive impact on the trichlorosilane (TCS) market growth.
 

Trichlorosilane Market Report Coverage
Report Coverage Details
Base Year: 2018 Market Size in 2018: 6,450 million (USD)
Historical Data for: 2014 to 2018 Forecast Period: 2019 to 2025
Pages: 130 Tables, Charts & Figures: 137
Geographies covered (25): U.S., Canada, Mexico, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Spain, China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Thailand
Segments covered: Production Process & Applications
Companies covered (20): Wacker Chemie AG, Dow Corning Corporation, Qianjiang Tianxiang Chemical Co. Ltd., Wynca Group, Evonik, Linde AG, OCI, SIAD, Hemlock Semiconductor, Tokuyama Chemicals (Zhejiang) Co., Ltd, SunShi Energies
Growth Drivers:
  • North America: Growing demand for trichlorosilane in manufacturing of polysilicon drivenby growth of solar energy and semiconductor industry
  • Asia Pacific: Increasing investment in the semiconductor and solar PV manufacturing industry
Pitfalls & Challenges:
  • Regulatory scenario and weaker trends in emerging economies

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Silane coupling agents application to dominate trichlorosilane market

Trichlorosilane Market Size, By Silane Coupling Agent Application, 2014 - 2025, (USD Million)
Trichlorosilane Market Size, By Silane Coupling Agent Application, 2014 - 2025, (USD Million)

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Based on applications, market is segmented into silane coupling agents, polycrystalline silicon and other applications including organic synthetic intermediate, chemical synthesis of phenyl trichlorosilane, vinyl chlorosilanes. Trichlorosilane is majorly used as a starting material for organosilicon compounds, such as octadecyl (OTS), perfluorooctyl (PFOTCS), and perfluorooctyl (FDTS) trichlorosilane, further used for coating processes in nano technology and surface science. TCS is widely used in organic silicon compounds such as in micro-electrochemical systems (MEMS) and in nanoimprint lithography (NIL) as a silane coupling agent.
 

Silane coupling agent is used in the field of silicon containing organic polymers, in electronic and optical materials, catalysts and coatings applications. It is a high-tech value-added silicone composite material widely used in glass fiber, foundry, and tires rubber sectors.
 

Hydrochlorination process to remain key technology for trichlorosilane production

Based on production process, the trichlorosilane market is segmented as hydrochlorination process and direct chlorination process. Hydrochlorination process saves around 70% of the energy as compared to direct chlorination as it incorporates two chemical process steps in one reactor and can be easily integrated into existing Siemens plants. Metallurgical grade silicon with higher product yield is used in the hydrochlorination based polysilicon process which offers cost saving and energy efficient process.
 

The use of hydrochlorination process for the production offers ultra-high purity polysilicon. This polycrystalline silicon is widely used as an important base material for the silicon wafer preferably used in semiconductor devices and electronics industry. The highest purity level of polysilicon offered by hydrochlorination process is crucial for high performance and efficiency in the solar cells and semiconductor devices.
 

Solar industry growth in Europe to support polycrystalline silicon demand

Germany Trichlorosilane (TCS) Market Size By Application, 2018 & 2025, (USD Million)
Germany Trichlorosilane (TCS) Market Size By Application, 2018 & 2025, (USD Million)

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The study is conducted across regions including North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. Europe accounted for around 28% of the global installed PV power capacity market share in 2018. The EU represents over one-fifth of the global installed capacity and 100% renewable electricity scenarios have highlighted solar photovoltaics importance in the region.
 

Solar energy is the most popular power generation source and plays a major role in meeting 32% of the renewables target by 2030 in the European Union. TCS is used in polycrystalline silicon manufacturing which is primarily consumed in the production of photovoltaic modules for solar cells. Key benefits of solar energy such as cost effectiveness, easily deployable solutions offering highly efficient large-scale energy production and sustainable electrification will fuel requirement for polysilicon production.
 

Implementing capacity expansion to offer consistent product supply remains key growth strategy  

Global trichlorosilane market players include Wacker Chemie, OCI, Evonik, Mitsubishi Materials, DOW, SIAD, Tokuyama Corp, SunSi Energies, Osaka Titanium, Hemlock Semiconductor, and Wynca Group accounting for significant market share.
 

SunSi, a specialty chemical producer to the solar sector, expanded its production capacity at its Wendeng facility in China, increased TCS production to 30,000 tons in first phase and reached 75,000 tons during the second phase in 2011. In addition, Zibo Baoyun Chemical, acquired by SunSi Energies, expanded its production capacities from 6,000 tons to 25,000 tons annually.
 

Companies are involved in the development and implementation of advanced production technologies to efficiently produce high purity compound to meet rising demand from solar cell and semiconductor manufacturers. Majority of the companies are involved in various strategic initiatives with a focus on acquisitions, development and operation of trichlorosilane production facilities to strengthen their market presence and gain a competitive edge in the value chain.
 

Dow Silicones Corporation is involved in a joint venture with HSC Group and supplies TCS, used for the production of polycrystalline silicone. The HSC Group along with its subsidiaries including DC HSC Holding and Hemlock Semiconductor LLC represent around 1% of the total sales in 2017 and 2018 of the Dow Silicones. Increasing partnerships with the polycrystalline silicone manufacturers is projected to propel overall market share.
 

The trichlorosilane (TCS) market research report includes in-depth coverage of the industry, with estimates & forecast in terms of volume in Tons revenue in USD from 2014 to 2025, for the following segments:

By Production Process

  • Hydrochlorination (HC)
  • Direct Chlorination (DC)

By Application

  • Silane Coupling Agent
  • Polycrystalline Silicon
  • Others

The above information has been provided for the following regions and countries:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
    • Mexico
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Italy
    • Spain
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Singapore
    • Thailand
  • Latin America (LATAM)

Middle East & Africa (MEA)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

A fine pulverized metallurgical-grade silicon (MG-Si), which is over 98% silicon, is fluidized with hydrogen chloride in the presence of a copper containing catalyst to produce a trichlorosilane (TCS).
Hydrochlorination process saves around 70% of the energy as compared to direct chlorination as it incorporates two chemical process steps in one reactor. Additionally, the use of hydrochlorination process for the production offers ultra-high purity polysilicon. This polycrystalline silicon is widely used as an important base material for the silicon wafer preferably used in semiconductor devices and electronics industry.
Solar energy is the most popular power generation source and plays a major role in meeting 32% of the renewables target by 2030 in the European Union. Trichlorosilane (TCS) is used in polycrystalline silicon manufacturing which is primarily consumed in the production of photovoltaic modules for solar cells, as per the GMI analysts.
In 2018, the trichlorosilane market revenue worldwide was over USD 6 billion.
The industry is poised to grow at over 7% CAGR between 2019 to 2025; according to the estimations quoted in the Global Market Insights, Inc. report.

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