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Caustic Soda Market Size By Production Technology (Diaphragm Cell, Membrane Cell, Mercury Cell), By Application (Pulp & Paper, Alumina, Organic Chemicals, Inorganic Chemicals, Textile, Water Treatment, Food Processing, Soaps & Detergents), Industry Analysis, Regional Outlook, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2020 – 2026

  • Report ID: GMI2238
  • Published Date: Apr 2020
  • Report Format: PDF

Caustic Soda Market Size

Caustic Soda Market size was USD 30.27 billion in 2019 and will grow at a CAGR of 3.6% from 2020 to 2026. Indispensable product demand in pulp & paper and water treatment sector will complement the industry size by 2026.

Caustic soda is an inorganic compound which is used in various end use industries due to its strong alkaline property. It has outstanding ability to dissolve or extract, thus it is majorly used in paper & pulp and alumina sector. The product is also heavily used as a feedstock for production of large number of chemicals.

Furthermore, in sodium-based chemistry, it acts as reagent which delivers sodium to the final end use products. Thus, the product is used in the production of silicates, silicas, metasilicates fibres and cleaning products such as bleach, detergents and soaps.

Caustic Soda Market Statistics

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The Covid-19 have had substantial impact on global caustic soda market and its value chain. The pressing effects of the Covid-19 pandemic was demand shock and massive disruptions in global supply chains. However, impact of product demand by end user industry was varied across industries and timeline. For instance, caustic soda manufacturers witnessed sudden growth in product demand from water treatment industry at the start of pandemic. The pandemic also impacted global production capabilities thus, creating bottlenecks in global product supply.

Manufacturers in China closed their factories during first quarter of 2020 due to Covid-19 pandemic. China, the largest supplier of caustic soda was deeply affected by country lockdown, restrictions on trade and travel as well as slowed product consumption in various end user industries. Many key geographical markets were under some sort of lockdowns or lockdown like situations during most part 2020. Decline in performance of end user industries affected the global product demand. 

In 2017, caustic soda market prices have witnessed drastic hike due to increased demand and tight supply. In 2018 price hike remained stable owing to rising demand from alumina producers around the world, especially in Asia. There was notable demand from alumina refineries from in China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, and most notably Australia.

Caustic soda is highly corrosive and harmful to living organisms. Thus, there are strict guidelines and regulations for handling the product. Tight regulations governing the caustic soda market may act as a constraint during forecast timeframe. For instance, Chinese plants were continued to run at reduced capacity due to environmental checks at plants during late 2017. This resulted in competition amongst the key buyers in the value chain. For instance, alumina producers were competing each other for cargoes of raw material.

The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the supply chain. Virus crisis has resulted in reduction of production capacity in China – earlier, the plants were running at 80% capacity, now rates across the country have dropped to approximately 65%. Short term product demand expected to take a hit owing to virus-related demand erosion and product movement constraints. However, demand will recover after countries lift the lockdown and open international trade.

Caustic Soda Market Analysis

Caustic Soda Market by Production Process

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Caustic soda market from membrane cell segment is expected to grow steadily with a CAGR of 3.8% through 2026. Membrane cell technology has witnessed substantial growth over the years owing to its environment friendly nature and low energy consumption.

Caustic soda production process is very costly. Any advancement in the production process that saves input energy reduces production cost significantly. For instance, AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals has introduced “e-Flex” technology, which routinely adjusts production with electricity supply, saving energy and cost.

Caustic Soda Market by Application

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Caustic Soda finds application in several various end use industries such as pulp & paper, alumina, organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, textile, water treatment, food processing, soaps & detergents and others. Caustic soda market growth trajectory in terms of volume is most likely to stay linear as it is essential for raw materials in many end use industries such as alumina, paper & pulp, and organic & inorganics.

Organic chemicals segment accounted for close to 20% revenue share in 2019 is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.7%. About 60% of all chemical products are produced, directly or indirectly, using chlorine and?/?or caustic soda. Product performs various functions in the manufacturing of various chemicals including waste acid neutralization, catalysis, caustic scrubbing of off-gases, pH control, and caustic extraction. The growing chemical industry is expected to drive the caustic soda market growth.

Caustic Soda Market by Region

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Asia Pacific contributed over $15 billion in 2019. The Asia Pacific dominates caustic soda production and consumption; thus, any significant change in either supply or demand may cause price hike. Strong position of Asia Pacific market is highly attributed to higher production capacity, lower energy rates, strong regional demand, lower prices compared to other regions and dominating supply chain. The caustic soda market in APAC is expected to witness highest growth owing to rapid industrialization, urbanization, and population growth.

Caustic Soda Market Share

Companies are heavily investing in the market production capacity expansion and new technology adoption.  Production process is costly, and cost is heavily influenced by energy consumption. For instance, in October 2019 Ercros, completed capacity expansion of the chlorine and caustic soda with new membrane cell technology.

Key players involved in the caustic soda industry are

  • Akzo Nobel N.V.
  • Arkema S.A.
  • Dow
  • Covestro AG
  • Formosa Plastics Corp.
  • Grasim (Aditya Birla)
  • FMC Corporation
  • Hanwha Chemical Corporation
  • Aras Petrochemical Company
  • SABIC.


The caustic soda market report includes in-depth coverage of the industry with estimates & forecast in terms of volume in Kilo Tons and revenue in USD million from 2016 to 2026, for the following segments:

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By Production Technology

  • Diaphragm cell
  • Membrane cell
  • Mercury cell

By Application

  • Pulp & Paper
  • Alumina
  • Organic Chemicals
  • Inorganic Chemicals
  • Textile, Water Treatment
  • Food Processing
  • Soaps & Detergents
  • Others

The above information is provided on a regional and country basis for the following:

By Region

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Spain
    • Italy
    • Russia
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • Japan
    • India
    • Australia
    • Taiwan
    • South Korea
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Argentina
  • Middle East & Africa
    • South Africa
    • Saudi Arabia
    • UAE
Authors: Kiran Pulidindi

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

According to the report published by Global Market Insights Inc., the caustic soda business is supposed to attain $32.06 billion by 2026.

Rapid industrialization, strong pulp and paper industry, Covid-19 impact on demand of soaps and cleaning agents and water treatment, and strong product demand from chemical industry and alumina producers are major factors expected to drive the growth of global market.

The membrane cell production process segment registered a major market share in 2019 and is projected to record a remarkable growth rate throughout the forecast period.

Akzo Nobel N.V., Arkema S.A., Covestro AG, Dow, Formosa Plastics Corp., Grasim (Aditya Birla), Hanwha Chemical Corporation, Aras Petrochemical Company, SABIC, Solvay Chemicals, Occidental Chemical Corporation (OxyChem), Asahi Glass Company, Union Chlorine LLC, Olin Corporation, ARABIAN ALKALI COMPANY are some of the top contributors in the industry.

Caustic Soda Market Scope

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Premium Report Details

  • Base Year: 2019
  • Companies covered: 18
  • Tables & Figures: 194
  • Countries covered: 20
  • Pages: 212
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