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4D Printing Market, By Material (Hydrogels, Thermo-responsive, Photo-responsive, Electro & Magneto-responsive, Piezoelectric Material, pH-responsive), By End Use Industry & Forecast, 2024 – 2032

  • Report ID: GMI9254
  • Published Date: Apr 2024
  • Report Format: PDF

4D Printing Market Size

4D Printing Market was valued at over USD 375 million in 2023 and is estimated to register a CAGR of over 40% between 2024 and 2032. Advancements in biodegradable robotics for use in agriculture are a major factor propelling the market's expansion. These improvements pave the way for the development of personalized, self-assembling, and climate-adaptive agricultural implements. Through the utilization of 4D printing technology, farmers may optimize productivity, curtail expenses, and mitigate ecological consequences. The combination of 4D printing technology with biodegradable robotics demonstrates the market’s potential to transform agricultural practices and solve environmental issues.

4D Printing Market

For instance, in May 2023, 3Dnatives researchers used the biomechanical parameters to develop and create a robot resembling a seed. The I-Seed is a 4D-printed robot that can assess air and soil quality. The biodegradable robot was developed in cooperation with Trento University in Italy. The robot can determine the temperature and humidity of the soil and air. Additionally, it can detect the presence of contaminants such as mercury or atmospheric CO2 levels.

Material developments for smart, responsive structures are a crucial factor supporting the 4D printing market growth owing to their revolutionary potential. These breakthroughs enable the creation of materials that respond dynamically to environmental stimuli, such as temperature, light, or moisture, leading to the construction of self-assembling and shape-changing structures. This capability creates new opportunities in a variety of industries including healthcare, aerospace, and consumer goods, boosting demand and innovations in the market.

The lack of a skilled workforce is a major obstacle for the 4D printing industry. Professionals with specialized knowledge and experience are needed for advanced technologies, and they may not be easily found. This disparity restricts the potential expansion of 4D printing technology by impeding its wide adoption and application. It is imperative to tackle this issue through focused training programs and educational initiatives to guarantee the cultivation of a proficient workforce that can effectively utilize 4D printing technology.

4D Printing Market Trends

The growing use of 4D printing in the medical field is a significant trend in the industry. The need for individualized implants and medication delivery methods that can perfectly fit patient anatomy and administer targeted therapy is driving this movement. With the use of 4D printing, dynamic, responsive structures that can adjust to changes in the body can be created, improving patient outcomes and the effectiveness of treatments. The industry is witnessing the growing use of 4D printing in the healthcare sector to improve therapeutic interventions and manufacture medical devices as technology evolves.

In the 4D printing industry, collaboration between material scientists and developers is a popular trend. This collaboration is resulting in the development of new materials with features, such as form memory, stimulus sensitivity, and self-assembly, especially for 4D printing. Through the integration of material science and additive manufacturing skills, this partnership fosters creativity, broadens the scope of potential applications, and expedites the progress of 4D printing technology.

4D Printing Market Analysis

4D Printing Market Size, By Material, 2022-2032, (USD Million)

Based on material, the market is divided into hydrogels, thermo-responsive, photo-responsive, electro & magneto-responsive, piezoelectric material, and pH-responsive. The hydrogels segment is expected to reach over USD 1.5 billion by 2032.

  • Hydrogels are experiencing growth in the 4D printing market due to their unique properties, making them well-suited for dynamic and responsive structures. These materials can undergo significant changes in shape, size, and mechanical properties in response to external stimuli such as temperature, pH, or light.
  • This responsiveness enables the creation of self-folding, self-healing, and shape-memory structures, expanding the potential applications of 4D printing in various fields such as healthcare, soft robotics, and wearable technology. Additionally, ongoing research & development efforts are continually improving the properties and capabilities of hydrogels, increasing their use in 4D printing applications.
4D Printing Market Share, By End-use Industry, 2023

Based on end-use industry, the market is segmented into biomedical, architecture, aerospace, consumer products, automotive, and others. The demand for automotive is expected to register a CAGR of around 44% over the forecast period.

  • 4D printing allows for the creation of complex, lightweight, and durable components that can enhance vehicle performance and efficiency. The ability to produce customizable and on-demand parts reduces manufacturing lead times and costs, aligning with the automotive industry's trend toward agile and cost-effective production methods.
  • 4D printing enables the development of adaptive and shape-shifting components, which are particularly valuable for advanced vehicle design including aerodynamics and interior features. Overall, these benefits make 4D printing an attractive solution for automotive manufacturers seeking to innovate and stay competitive in the rapidly evolving industry landscape.


U.S. 4D Printing Market Size, 2022-2032, (USD Million)

North America dominated the global 4D printing market in 2023 with over 30% of the total revenue share. North America's market for 4D printing is expanding due to the strong R&D sector and substantial investments in additive manufacturing technology. Furthermore, the region is home to many influential figures and technology trailblazers who are propelling advancements in 4D printing applications in sectors including aerospace, healthcare, and automotive. The market growth in North America is also aided by supportive government initiatives and rising public awareness of the possible advantages of 4D printing.

4D Printing Market Share

Stratasys Ltd. and 3D Systems Corporation held a share of over 15% in the 4D printing industry in 2023. Stratasys Ltd. is a provider of additive manufacturing solutions, offering a wide range of 3D printing systems and materials. Its portfolio includes FDM and PolyJet technologies, enabling precise & high-quality printing for various industries such as aerospace, automotive, healthcare, and consumer goods. Stratasys also provides software and services to support the entire 3D printing workflow, from design to production.

3D Systems Corporation provides additive manufacturing solutions. The company offers a comprehensive range of 3D printers, materials, software, and services for prototyping, production, and customization across various industries. Its portfolio includes advanced technologies, such as stereolithography, selective laser sintering, and metal 3D printing, empowering businesses to innovate and accelerate their product development and manufacturing processes.

4D Printing Market Companies

Major players operating in the industry are:

  • 3D Systems Corporation
  • Autodesk, Inc.
  • EnvisionTEC
  • HP Inc.
  • Materialise NV
  • Organovo Holdings, Inc
  • Stratasys Ltd.

4D Printing Industry News

  • In June 2023, Zortrax collaborated with the European Space Agency (ESA) to develop 4D printing technology. The M300 Dual FDM printer and a modified version of Z-SUITE to 3D print structures made of shape memory polymers and electrically conductive materials are used in space applications.
  • In March 2023, researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) developed a 4D printer with potential in the biomedical sector. The material's response can be programmed to change shape in response to an external magnetic field or its electric characteristics can be modified in response to mechanical deformation.

The 4D printing market research report includes in-depth coverage of the industry with estimates & forecasts in terms of revenue (USD Million) from 2018 to 2032, for the following segments:

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Market, By Material

  • Hydrogels
  • Thermo-responsive
  • Photo-responsive
  • Electro & magneto-responsive
  • Piezoelectric material
  • pH-responsive

Market, By End-use Industry

  • Biomedical
  • Architecture
  • Aerospace
  • Consumer products
  • Automotive
  • Others

The above information is provided for the following regions and countries:

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • Germany
    • UK
    • France
    • Italy
    • Spain
    • Rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • ANZ
    • Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Mexico
    • Rest of Latin America
  • MEA
    • UAE
    • Saudi Arabia
    • South Africa
    • Rest of MEA
Authors: Suraj Gujar , Deeksha Vishwakarma

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) :

Industry size for 4D printing was over USD 375 million in 2023 and is projected to depict over 40% CAGR from 2024 to 2032, due to the advancements in biodegradable robotics for use in agriculture.

The automotive segment in the 4D printing industry is anticipated to grow at 44% CAGR from 2024 to 2032, on account of their ability to produce customizable and on-demand parts.

North America industry held over 30% share in 2023 and is predicted to grow at notable rate between 2024 and 2032, owing to a strong R&D sector and substantial investments in additive manufacturing technology.

3D Systems Corporation, Autodesk, Inc., EnvisionTEC, HP Inc., Materialise NV, Organovo Holdings, Inc, and Stratasys Ltd. are some of the leading 4D printing companies worldwide.

4D Printing Market Scope

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Premium Report Details

  • Base Year: 2023
  • Companies covered: 10
  • Tables & Figures: 229
  • Countries covered: 23
  • Pages: 200
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